How to Test a Power Supply Unit

How to Test a Power Supply Unit

When it comes to the beating heart of your computer, the power supply unit (PSU) is the unsung hero. It is a critical component that provides stable power to the motherboard, CPU, drives, and other internal components. As the PSU ages, it can become less efficient and even fail, leading to crashes, data loss, or failure to boot. Testing a PSU thoroughly and regularly is important to ensure the health and stability of your system.

In this article, we will cover the basics of how to test a PSU to determine if it is still functioning properly or needs to be replaced. We will look at visual inspection, voltage testing with a multimeter, and stress testing under load. A step-by-step guide will show you how to safely test your PSU using commonly available tools. With the right information and tools, you can diagnose problems with your PSU before they lead to catastrophic failures. Read on to learn how to test your power supply unit.

What is PSU?

A Power Supply Unit (PSU) is a hardware component that provides electrical power to a computer or other electronic device. It converts AC power from the wall outlet into DC power that is suitable for the computer’s components to use. PSUs come in different wattage ratings and connector types to match the requirements of different computer systems. Some PSUs can also supply a standby voltage, allowing certain computer functions to remain powered even when the system is in hibernation or shutdown. Without a reliable PSU, your computer’s performance and stability could be compromised.

How to Know Your PSU Is Failing?

Your computer’s power supply unit (PSU) is a critical component that often goes unnoticed until problems arise. Understanding the signs of a failing PSU can help you address issues early, preventing potential hardware failures or data loss. Here are the key indicators to watch out for:

1.    Smoke or Burning Smells:

If you detect any smoke or notice a faint scent of burning plastic, it’s a red flag. These signs can indicate component failure or electrical arcing within the PSU. Address this promptly to prevent further damage.

2.    Electric Shocks:

Experiencing an electric shock when touching your computer case or peripherals is a clear sign of PSU trouble. The shielding and grounding in your system may have failed, posing a safety risk.

3.    Random Shutdowns or Blue Screens:

If your computer shuts down unexpectedly or displays blue screen errors without an apparent cause (such as software issues or new hardware), the PSU could be responsible. Voltage drops from a failing PSU can lead to system instability.

4.    Inconsistent Boot Stability:

If your computer behaves erratically during boot-up—such as frequent errors or crashes—it’s time to suspect the PSU. Inconsistent boot behavior often points to PSU issues.

5.    Unusual Noises:

Listen for abnormal sounds from the PSU. Fan grinding, high-pitched whining, or buzzing beyond the usual fan hum can indicate impending failure. Note that most PSU fans are not user-serviceable.

6.    Bloated Capacitors:

If you observe bloated or leaking capacitors on the power supply board when you open your computer or device, it’s a sign that the power supply is failing. Bloated capacitors can impede proper functioning of the power supply and may cause additional issues.

7.    Overheating

Overheating can lead to power supply failures. When a power supply overheats, it might not deliver sufficient power to all the components in your computer or device. Consequently, this can result in random system shutdowns, crashes, and potential damage to other hardware components.

NOTE: Don’t wait for a complete failure; test your PSU if you suspect power supply problems. It’s better to address issues early than risk hardware damage.

Tools Needed to Test a PSU

To test your Power Supply Unit (PSU), you’ll need a few tools and equipment. Here’s what you’ll require:

  1. Multimeter: A digital multimeter is essential for accurate voltage measurements. Make sure it’s set to DC voltage mode.
  2. Paperclip or Jumper Wire: For the basic paperclip test, you’ll need a straightened paperclip or a jumper wire.
  3. Load (Optional): If you want to perform a load test, connect a load (such as a case fan) to the PSU during testing.

How to Test your PSU

To test your Power supply unit (PSU), follow the steps below:

1.    Disconnect Everything:

  • Unplug your computer from the power source.
  • Disconnect all components (drives, GPU, RAM, etc.) from the motherboard.

2.    Paperclip Test (Basic Test):

  • Locate the 24-pin ATX connector that connects your PSU to the motherboard.
  • Straighten a paperclip and insert one end into the green wire (PS_ON) pin and the other end into any black wire (COM) pin on the same connector.
  • Plug the PSU back into the power source.
  • If the PSU fan spins up, it’s receiving power and likely functional. However, this test doesn’t guarantee its stability under load.

3.    Multimeter Test (Advanced Test):

  • Set your multimeter to DC voltage mode.
  • Connect the black probe to any black wire (COM) pin on the 24-pin ATX connector.
  • Connect the red probe to the yellow wire (12V) pin.
  • Turn on the PSU.
  • Read the voltage displayed on the multimeter:
  • +12V rail: Should be around 12V (within a small tolerance).
  • +5V rail: Should be around 5V.
  • +3.3V rail: Should be around 3.3V.
  • If the readings are significantly off, the PSU may be faulty.

4.    Load Test (Recommended):

  • Reconnect the PSU to the motherboard.
  • Connect a load (such as a case fan) to the PSU.
  • Turn on the computer.
  • Monitor stability during normal usage (e.g., gaming, running stress tests).
  • If the system remains stable, the PSU is likely fine. If it shuts down or exhibits issues, consider replacing it.

Safety Precautions:

  • Ensure you’re working in a safe environment.
  • Disconnect your computer from the power source before testing.
  • Handle the PSU carefully to avoid electrical shocks.

Remember, safety first! If you are not confident in carrying out the procedure yourself, consult a professional or use a dedicated PSU tester.


Testing a power supply unit is an important troubleshooting step to ensure your computer’s stability and longevity. As outlined in this article, there are visual inspections, multimeter voltage tests, and load testing under normal usage that can help you to determine if your PSU is still functioning properly or needs replacement. Remember to adhere to the safety precautions and guidelines when testing your PSU. With the right tools and step-by-step procedures, you can accurately test your computer’s PSU and catch issues before they lead to system failures. Feel free to reach out if you have any questions or concerns about the procedures.

How to Prevent PC Overheating

How to Prevent PC Overheating

Computers have become indispensable tools in our daily lives, serving us in various ways, from work to entertainment. However, when our PCs start to overheat, it can lead to performance issues, crashes, and even hardware damage. If you’ve noticed that your PC feels excessively hot to the touch or if your fans are running loudly and working overtime, these are clear signs that your computer might be grappling with overheating problems.

These issues tend to arise when your computer is pushed to its limits, especially during resource-intensive tasks like gaming or video editing. In this article, we’ll explore the common causes of PC overheating and provide you with effective strategies to prevent it from happening, ensuring your PC remains cool and performs optimally.

Common Reasons for PC Overheating

Here are some of the common reasons why your PC may be overheating:

  1. Excessive Processes and Applications: Running too many processes and applications simultaneously strains your PC’s resources, leading to increased heat generation.
  2. Unresponsive Applications: When apps become unresponsive or hang, they consume excessive CPU cycles, contributing to overheating.
  3. Multiple Browser Tabs Open: Each open browser tab consumes memory and processing power, straining your system.
  4. Defective Fans: Malfunctioning or damaged fans fail to dissipate heat effectively, causing temperature spikes.
  5. Blocked Air Vents: Dust accumulation in air vents restricts airflow, hindering proper cooling.
  6. Outdated Software: Using outdated operating systems or drivers may result in inefficient resource management and heat buildup.
  7. Malware and Viruses: Infected systems exhibit abnormal behavior, leading to increased CPU usage and heat.
  8. Overheated CPU or GPU: Intensive tasks or inadequate cooling can cause the central processing unit (CPU) or graphics processing unit (GPU) to overheat.
  9. Dust Buildup: Dust settling on fans and vents reduces their efficiency, impeding heat dissipation.

Effects of PC Overheating

PC overheating can have serious consequences for your computer. These effects include;

  1. The first consequence of PC overheating is being hot to touch. If your computer feels unusually hot, it’s a clear indicator of overheating.
  2. When your fans start running at full speed causing loud sounds, it’s often due to excessive heat.
  3. Unexpected shutdowns can occur when your PC reaches critical temperatures.
  4. Overheating can cause your screen to freeze or become unresponsive.
  5. Overheating can damage internal components, leading to potential data loss and irreparable harm.
  6. Excessive heat can cause blue screen errors, crashes, and other problems in both software and hardware.

How to Cool your Overheating PC

An overheating computer can cause performance issues, system crashes, and hardware damage. Thankfully, there are several ways to reduce your computer’s temperature.

1.    Clean your PC

Cleaning the inside of your computer regularly is an important way to keep it running fast and prevent overheating. Dust, pet hair, and other debris can build up inside the case and clog the fans and air vents that allow airflow to cool the components. It’s a good idea to open up your computer case and clean it out at least every 6 months, or more often if you have pets that shed hair. Use a can of compressed air to blow out dust from the fans, heatsinks, and other nooks and crannies inside the case.

2.    Improve airflow to PC

Proper airflow is crucial for keeping your computer from overheating. Laptops draw in cool air through vents on the bottom and expel warm air through side and rear vents. Using your laptop on soft surfaces like a bed or couch can block the bottom vents, restricting airflow and causing the inside to heat up. Instead, place your laptop on a hard, flat surface like a desk or lap desk to allow maximum airflow.

For desktop computers, airflow is also important. Avoid putting a desktop PC directly on thick carpet or enclosing it in a small, cramped space which doesn’t allow adequate air circulation. Instead, place it on a hard surface like a desk or table, with open space around and above it. Keep it away from walls and heat sources. Also make sure cables are neatly routed and not restricting fans or vents.

3.    Inspect the PC fans

Check that the fans in your computer are working right. Fans draw in cool air and blow out hot air to regulate the temperature inside your PC. If the computer is overheating but the fans are not spinning or are making loud rattling noises, there is likely an issue. The fans could be obstructed by dust, wires, or other debris causing them to stall. Or their bearings might be worn out causing extra noise and improper spinning. Try cleaning the computer to remove dust and improve airflow. Or you may need to replace damaged fans. Working fans help keep your computer cool.

4.    Re-apply thermal paste

Thermal paste is a specialized compound that enhances heat transfer between the CPU/GPU chips and their heatsinks inside a computer. It fills microscopic gaps in the surfaces to improve thermal conduction. Over time, thermal paste can dry out or become less effective, especially if the computer runs hot regularly.

Reapplying fresh thermal paste can improve cooling in older computers. However, it involves disassembling the computer to access the CPU and heatsinks. Unless you have specific experience doing this, it’s best to have an expert computer technician replace the thermal paste.

5.    Utilize external cooling systems

Laptops are designed to draw cool air in through vents on the bottom and expel warm air from the sides or rear. If your laptop frequently overheats, using an external cooling pad can help lower its temperature. These pads have fans that blow air upwards directly into the laptop’s air intake vents. This improves airflow and heat dissipation. Look for a sturdy, adjustable cooling pad that aligns properly with your laptop’s vents. Use it on a hard flat surface rather than on a bed or couch to allow maximum air intake through the bottom.

6.    Close Programs or Turn Off PC

One simple method to help cool down an overheated computer is to close any intensive programs that are taxing the CPU and GPU and generating excessive heat. Video editing, 3D rendering, and gaming software can drive components to 100% usage, creating substantial heat very quickly. Simply closing these programs can allow the computer to cool back down.

You can also try fully shutting down the computer for an extended period of time, such as a few hours. This allows the components like the CPU and GPU to cool completely to ambient room temperature. When powered back on, the computer will start much cooler rather than heating up again immediately.

How to Prevent in Computers

Overheating computers can lead to system crashes, laggy performance, and hardware damage. Luckily, there are several ways to keep your computer cool and prevent overheating issues.

1.    Monitor Resource-Intensive Applications

Applications that use a lot of system resources like CPU and RAM can cause overheating. Use Task Manager on Windows or Activity Monitor on Mac to see which apps are using the most resources. Close any unused resource-heavy applications to free up computing power and prevent overheating.

2.    Clean Out Background Apps and Temporary Files

Too many background apps and temporary files cluttering up your system can lead to overheating. Use a system optimizer like AVG TuneUp to automatically clear out junk files, bloatware, and unused apps running in the background. This frees up valuable system resources and storage space.

3.    Optimize GPU Settings

Graphically intense games and programs can overwork your GPU and cause overheating. Go into your system’s graphics settings and optimize the GPU performance for the app you’re using. Keep your GPU hardware clean and dust-free for maximum cooling.

4.    Improve Physical Usage Conditions

Direct sunlight, dust, pet hair, and poor ventilation can all contribute to an overheating computer. Keep your computer out of the sun in a dust-free space. Clean out vents and fans regularly to allow for proper airflow.

5.    Update Software

Outdated software tends to use more resources and run less efficiently. Keep your OS, drivers, browsers, and other software updated to the latest versions. Updates often include bug fixes and optimizations that allow software to run cooler.

6.    Scan for Malware

Viruses and malware can overwhelm your computer’s resources leading to overheating. Run antivirus scans regularly to detect and remove any malicious programs lurking in your system. Prevent future infections by using comprehensive antivirus software.


Preventing overheating is crucial for getting the most out of your computer. Monitor your PC temperature regularly and be proactive about maintaining your computer. With proper care and maintenance, your computer will run smoothly at safe temperatures for years to come. Implementing these overheating prevention tips will save you from instability issues, crashes, slowdowns, and expensive hardware repairs down the road. A cool computer is a happy computer.

Role Of Payment Gateways In Financial Inclusion In Africa

Role Of Payment Gateways In Financial Inclusion In Africa

Payment gateways can help close the gap by allowing people and businesses in Africa to access financial services digitally. It should be noted that A significant portion of the continent’s population is still unbanked or underbanked. As such, payment gateways are pivotal to financial inclusion in Africa, which is the availability and accessibility of financial services and products at a reasonable cost for all segments of society.

Ways Payment Gateways Are Promoting Financial Inclusion In Africa

1. Enabled Digital Payments

Digital payments have become more prevalent in Africa, with several digital transactions increasing tremendously. For individuals seeking to enhance their financial accessibility and simplify bill payment, money transfers, and online purchases, this is fantastic news.

The creation of payment gateways that enable digital payments is primarily due to the growth of digital payments in Africa. Payment gateways allow users to use their desktop or mobile devices to make payments online, even if they don’t have a credit card or bank account. Therefore, digital payments are not only for those who use banks or cards but also those who want to access financial services without using traditional banking channels.

2. Access To Financial Services

Access is crucial when it comes to financial services in today’s world. You might not be able to obtain the loans you require or make the purchases you wish to make without it. However, what does “access” actually mean? It implies comparing prices and finding various products and services to suit your needs. This means you can invest your money and earn interest on it by opening a savings account with a business. It also implies that should the need arise, you can apply for credit or obtain a loan.

All this has been made possible by payment gateways –various financial services, such as credit, insurance, and investment products, are now accessible to individuals. It is feasible for Africans now to leverage the benefits of the formal financial system and participate in it.

3. Payment Simplification

Payment gateways became more popular during the lockdown that resulted from the pandemic, causing many businesses to close in Africa, dealing a heavy blow for companies that exclusively operated on cash transactions. But, adopting payment gateways would have salvaged the situation for businesses such that irrespective of cash or card, they will continue to receive payment from their customers.

Therefore, local businesses can use payment gateways to receive payment anywhere in Africa without restrictions.

4. Lower Transaction Costs

Financial services are now more affordable and available to individuals of all income levels thanks to the payment gateway’s assistance in reducing the associated transaction costs. This is the narrative in Africa, where a large number of people still struggle to obtain bank account access. Those who use the gateway can send money to friends and family or shop online without worrying about high fees or other problems that could impede their ability to make online payments. Lower-income people can now engage in the digital economy and easily benefit from all its benefits.


Payment gateways have been instrumental in advancing financial inclusion in Africa by providing digital access to financial services for individuals and businesses, which will be more essential as the continent transitions to a cashless economy to guarantee everyone has access to the financial services they require.

Online fraud has increased along with digitization because it is now easier to trick others by using stolen data or false identities. Payment gateways, which provide extra security measures for users who desire extra protection when making online payments, have assisted in reducing this risk.

Importance Of Payment Gateways For Businesses In Africa

Importance Of Payment Gateways For Businesses In Africa

It is predicted that the global e-commerce market will surpass $8 trillion by 2026. Businesses that take online payments from customers now or in the future should proactively figure out how to create and maintain their payment ecosystem to capitalize on this trend. Understanding the essential elements that drive online payments is the first step.

The flexible, safe, and effective platform that a payment gateway offers for online transactions is a crucial part of e-commerce payment processing. Enhanced customer satisfaction, more operational effectiveness, strengthened security protocols, and even scalability and international expansion are just a few advantages that payment gateways provide.

What Is A Payment Gateway?

A payment gateway is an online tool businesses use to safely handle payment methods like bank transfers, digital wallets, and debit or credit card payments from customers. It is a kind of intermediary that links a company’s website to its payment processor. Following a customer’s purchase, the payment processor securely receives the payment information from the payment gateway and completes the transaction authorization and settlement process. Online transactions often start at payment gateways, and customers are notified when they are complete.

How Payment Gateway Works

The following is an overview of how payment gateway works for businesses:

Stage 1: Data encryption 

The web browser instantly encrypts the credit card information a customer enters during an online order. Next, the vendor’s web server receives this encrypted data. Secure Socket Layer (SSL) encryption is used in this step to guarantee data security.

Stage 2: Data transfer to the payment gateway

The secure order data is sent to the payment gateway after it has been encrypted and sent. The payment gateway uses a secure SSL connection to send this encrypted data to the business’s processor.

Stage 3: Transaction processing

The transaction data is forwarded to the relevant credit card network by the company’s payment processor. This network subsequently forwards the data to the bank that issued the credit card to the customer.

Stage 4. The payment processor sends out an authorization request

After receiving the authorization request, the issuing bank gives the processor a response code. This code could mean that the transaction has been approved or declined for some reason, like insufficient money or a lost or stolen card.

Stage 5: Order fulfillment

The customer’s bank or credit card company confirms to the payment gateway that the transaction has been authorized. This response is sent by the payment gateway to the business’s interface, which is typically their website or e-commerce platform. At this point, the payment is formally regarded as completed. Following this, the business can move forward with completing the order.

This process happens almost instantly, even though there may seem to be many steps. Maintaining the security and integrity of sensitive financial data is just as important to a payment gateway as facilitating transactions. In addition to these fundamental features, contemporary payment gateway solutions frequently offer extra capabilities like real-time tax calculation and order screening for possible fraud.

Importance Of Payment Gateways For Businesses

1. Enhanced Security

Strict security protocols are used by payment gateways to safeguard vital customer data. Credit card numbers and other sensitive information are protected from potential fraud and data breaches using sophisticated encryption technologies and secure protocols. Advanced fraud detection tools are also used by many payment gateways to check transactions for unusual activity. These extensive security measures often increase customers’ trust and confidence in the payment process.

2. Improved Customer Experience

Payment gateways meet the needs of modern consumers who demand simple, flexible, and intuitive shopping experiences. Customers can use it to make payments from any device, anywhere, at any time. In addition to enhancing the customer experience, this degree of convenience raises the customer lifetime value (LTV), or the total net profit a business makes from each customer. A satisfying payment process can increase client loyalty, resulting in recurring business and enduring connections.

3. International Expansion

An indispensable tool for businesses growing internationally is a payment gateway. Many payment gateways allow businesses to serve customers from different countries by supporting multiple currencies. Businesses that sell products or services abroad will benefit from this feature since it enables them to receive customer payments in their local currency. This can improve the shopping experience for customers and make a big difference in a business’s attempts to expand to other countries within and outside Africa.

4. Fast Transaction Processing

Automated procedures handle transactions more quickly than manual processing when using payment gateways. As such, customers benefit from a quick checkout process thanks to this speed, which also shortens the sales cycle for companies and increases cash flow.


We can not overemphasize how payment gateway can shape the productivity of a business in terms of providing different payment methods for customers. This comes with the understanding of offering convenience to your customers when they want to complete their purchase or transact with you.

However, it is important to research more on the various payment gateways available to choose the one that best meets the preferences and expectations of your business.

How Payment Links Can Boost Sales For SMEs

How Payment Links Can Boost Sales For SMEs

In recent years, technological advancements have expedited bringing offline businesses online. Even small and medium-sized business owners are beginning to understand how important it is to digitize and elevate the customer experience.

Successful sales largely depend on convenient payment methods, so including an online payment link in your strategy will only improve customer satisfaction and boost sales. Let’s take a closer look at what a payment link is and how it functions before discussing the advantages of integrating payment links as a payment option for small businesses.

What Is A Payment Link?

A payment link is an online payment method that allows for the request and acceptance of cashless payments. As such, online retailers can provide their customers an alternative to traditional payment methods with cards or cash by offering an online payment option through a payment link.

Reliable payment processors typically power these connections to guarantee the security and adaptability of the transactions. These links can be used virtually anywhere an online seller desires, including email invoices, checkout pages on websites, and social media business channels.

How Payment Links Work

Payment links are a straightforward but effective way for businesses in Africa and around the world to create unique links for particular products or services without having to have a website or online store. Customers can receive these links via email, phone texts, WhatsApp, Facebook, or Instagram to make payments. They can be shared once or multiple times.

Customers can use options like credit cards, debit cards, USSD, bank transfers, and other payment methods after clicking the links. Payment links can be used by freelancers, small business owners on Instagram, personal shoppers, and wholesalers to boost their business’s expansion.

Benefits Of Payment Links To SMEs

1. High Efficiency For SMEs

You can start an online business immediately using your existing website and a payment link. One of the most significant deciding factors when moving sales online can be the amount of work involved in the transition.

SMEs that might lack the internal technological resources to develop an online storefront and set up a payment gateway should pay particular attention. For enhanced convenience and a quicker checkout process, a payment link can be easily incorporated into any service or product description.

2. Provides Seamless Buying Process For Customers

The checkout process could be significantly streamlined with a payment link, resulting in fewer orders being abandoned midway. In the retail industry, a drawn-out checkout procedure may cause a customer to stray from their purchase, which immediately impacts sales growth. The possibility of a sale may be increased by offering an integrated payment link as a mode of payment, regardless of the channel you use to market your products or services.

3. Secure Transactions

You can guarantee the highest level of security for you and your business by using a payment link that a digital payment processor powers. Online payment methods use multiple layers of security to protect the financial information of both SMEs and their customers. In contrast to a traditional payment gateway, setting up a payment link requires less time and technical know-how.

4. Provides Broad Financial Perspective For SMEs

One type of payment that could come with a financial management system is a payment link. Online accounting software can be used with some of these systems. Businesses can save time and avoid a lot of manual labour by using it to not only thoroughly review all of their transaction records but also import them straight into the accounting software.

How To Use Payment Links To Boost Sales For SMEs

1. Choose A Reliable Payment Service Provider

A reputable provider is essential when making this decision. You can find many payment link providers across Nigeria and Africa. But, it is an excellent idea to analyze the features, costs, and suitability of different options for payment systems.

2. Offer Multiple Payment Options

Ensure the company offering the payment link can take payments using various widely used and accessible payment options – including digital wallets, bank transfers, and mobile money. Offering a variety of payment methods satisfies the preferences of customers and increases the possibility of sales conversion for your business.

3. Adopt Targeted Marketing

Create a targeted marketing plan to advertise your payment links efficiently. Determine your target audience, then craft marketing messages that meet their wants and needs. You can use online campaigns to reach your potential customers.

4. Monitor And Optimize Performance

Keep a close eye on your payment links’ performance and keep tabs on important data like conversion rates, average order values, and consumer behavior. You can effortlessly monitor your balance, transactions, analytics, and exchange rates with your payment link provider. This would inform your decision on how best to improve your sales.


We can not overemphasize the importance of payment links to SMEs – as it increases the conversion rate and reduces abandoned carts during checkout. This is why you may need to integrate this new payment strategy into your business to improve efficiency.

While there are many payment link providers available for businesses, it is essential to consider features like fees and security before settling for a preferred provider. This is to enable you to maximize profitability in your business.

Exploring The Benefits Of Digital Payments For SMEs In Africa

Exploring The Benefits Of Digital Payments For SMEs In Africa

Small and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs) continue to seek methods to improve customer experiences, streamline operations, and boost overall efficiency in today’s fast-changing digital landscape. The processing of payments is one area where digital innovations have been beneficial to SMEs. With many benefits over conventional cash-based transactions, the use of digital payment solutions has wholly changed how transactions are carried out.

Over the past few years, digital payments have increased in Africa. Numerous factors, such as the rise of eCommerce and the continent’s growing mobile phone user base, have been pivotal to adoption and is projected to grow by 12.65% by 2028 to a market volume of $314.8 billion. Africa uses various digital payment methods, such as online banking, mobile money, digital wallets, and debit cards.

The most widely used digital payment method in Africa is mobile money, which enables users to send and receive money via cell phones. It makes Africa account for over 70% of the total value of the world’s mobile money – setting a good tone for the continent’s future in digital payments. As such, cash supremacy is expected to be challenged in the coming years with the emergence of various digital payment gateways to help the optimal performance of SMEs.

Therefore, this article highlights the benefits of digital payments to SMEs and how it is gaining traction in today’s business environment.

1. High Efficiency And Convenience

Digital payment systems are incredibly efficient and convenient. Examples include contactless card readers, online payment gateways, and mobile wallets. Customers can pay with credit or debit cards, mobile apps, cryptocurrencies, or any other preferred method of payment processing, which SMEs can easily handle. Digital payments save time, simplify financial management for business owners, and lower the possibility of human error by doing away with the need for cash handling and manual record-keeping.

2. User Base Expansion

SMEs can serve a more extensive customer base by accepting digital payments. Customers expect the convenience of digital transactions in a society that is becoming increasingly cashless. Businesses can attract tech-savvy customers who prefer to use digital wallets or mobile payment apps by providing various payment options. Furthermore, taking online payments enables SMEs to participate in e-commerce, reach beyond the confines of physical stores, and draw customers from multiple places.

3. Cost Saving

There may be unstated expenses associated with handling cash transactions, such as sorting, counting, and storing actual cash. This can also include SMEs incurring losses due to cash handling errors. However, these overhead expenses are removed by digital payments – which also reduce the possibility of financial inconsistencies. Additionally, compared to conventional payment methods, digital payment solutions frequently offer competitive transaction fees, which helps small businesses save money on processing fees.

4. Enhanced Security

Traditional cash-based transactions are susceptible to fraud, theft, and possible human error. Conversely, robust encryption methods and strict security controls are used in digital payments to safeguard private client data. SMEs can lower the risk of data breaches and provide their customers with peace of mind by using secure payment gateways. There are many of these payment gateways you can use, depending on your preference. These include bank transfers, card payments, Google Pay, Apple Pay, cryptocurrency, etc.

Furthermore, digital payment platforms frequently come with integrated fraud detection and prevention tools to protect the financial interests of businesses and their customers.

5. Efficient Financial Management

The financial management of SMEs is made more accessible with the help of digital payment solutions. They make it simpler for business owners to track transactions in real time, reconcile accounts, and produce financial insights by offering comprehensive sales reports, automated record-keeping, and real-time transaction monitoring. Digital payment systems reduce the risk of errors and empower businesses to make well-informed financial decisions by doing away with the need for manual data entry and seamlessly integrating with accounting software.


The adoption of digital payment is expected to increase even as SMEs in Africa continue expanding the scope of their business by going digital. This is to enable them to develop their customer coverage and convert more sales. However, it is important to stay up-to-date with the dynamic digital payment system to not miss out on any knowledge that would be helpful to your business.

E-commerce Fraud Prevention: A Guide For Retailers In Nigeria

E-commerce Fraud Prevention: A Guide For Retailers In Nigeria

The ease of use and accessibility of e-commerce has made it more popular in recent years, revolutionizing the way many businesses run. The COVID-19 pandemic and the global lockdown that followed in 2020 played a significant role in the development and adoption of e-commerce, opening up new avenues for small businesses and entrepreneurs to access international markets and customers that were previously exclusive to large corporations.

Today, people are more inclined to shop on various e-commerce platforms, increasing the number of online retailers. But as many businesses are leveraging the potential of e-commerce, it has also become a hotbed of fraudulent activities by malicious entities to cause financial loss to unsuspecting users. Hence, there is a need to understand e-commerce fraud and how to prevent it in Nigeria.

What Is E-commerce Fraud?

E-commerce fraud is the event of a criminal using stolen bank account details or payment information to make transactions without the knowledge or authorization of the owner. This fraud can be phishing, triangulation fraud, interception fraud, credit card fraud, affiliate fraud, and chargeback fraud.

Phishing and credit card fraud are often associated with the stealing of payment information to make transactions. But chargeback fraud is insidious payment fraud in which a customer buys a product online with a credit card and requests a chargeback from the issuing bank after receiving the purchased product.

How To Prevent E-commerce Fraud In Nigeria

1. Use Fraud Detection Software

Machine learning algorithms are used by fraud detection software solutions to assess transaction data and search for gaps that could allow fraudulent activity to occur. These tools can track fraudulent activities that might go undetected by the naked eye by analyzing details like device information, IP address, location, transaction history, and buyer behavior.

Furthermore, you can determine the possibility of fraud by utilizing fraud detection software to analyze the risk score associated with each transaction. With that, you can reduce the risk of financial loss by setting up rules to approve or reject transactions automatically.

2. Integrate Multi-Factor Authentication

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) requires users to provide two or more forms of authentication to complete a transaction, effectively preventing fraudulent transactions. Some of its examples are passwords, one-time codes sent by email or SMS, and biometric identifiers like fingerprints and facial recognition.

It is simple to integrate MFA into the authentication procedures used by your business. MFA is a built-in feature of most digital platforms and software programmes. For instance, completing a transaction on many online banking platforms requires users to enter a one-time code (OTP) emailed or texted to their mobile device.

In a similar vein, a lot of e-commerce sites require users to verify their purchases by entering a code sent to their mobile phones. Therefore, retailers must consider the kinds of transactions their business handles and the level of risk involved in each transaction when integrating MFA into their authentication process. For instance, more rigorous authentication procedures might be needed for sensitive data transactions or high-value transactions than for low-value transactions.

3. Adopt KYC Procedure

Financial losses are not the only consequence of fraudulent transactions, as they can damage the business’s reputation. However, using Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures is one practical method for preventing such headaches.

KYC is the process of confirming a client’s or customer’s identity. Usually, they are used by financial institutions to stop financial crimes like theft or money laundering. On the other hand, e-commerce businesses can also utilize KYC procedures to prevent fraud. Some ways retailers can adopt KYC are customer identity verification, customer behavior monitoring, etc.

4. Monitor Transactions

Monitoring transactions as they happen is another crucial precaution to ensure fraudsters don’t use their hard-earned money to support their lavish lifestyle. Transaction data monitoring allows you to identify red flags quickly and take corrective action to prevent fraud from happening again.

You can monitor transactions by tracking transactions in real-time, analyzing trends, reviewing orders manually, and evaluating the geographic locations of your customers.

5. Educate Your Customers

Although it may require additional effort, educating your customers about fraud trends and patterns they should avoid is an essential strategy to prevent them from becoming victims of fraudulent activities that could hamper your business. This will also facilitate the development of a brand community, an additional benefit. Therefore, ensure that your customers know the risks associated with fraud and the safety measures available.

Some crucial preventive measures they can take include using secure payment gateways for transactions, avoiding public Wi-Fi when making transactions, keeping their passwords or codes private, and checking their bank or credit card statements regularly for unauthorized transactions.


It is not far from the truth that no strategy will be compelling enough to eliminate the risk of e-commerce fraud in Nigeria. But, applying the steps highlighted in this article can be an excellent measure to reduce the possibility of fraud in business.

Customer Retention Strategies For E-commerce Business In Nigeria

Customer Retention Strategies For E-commerce Business In Nigeria

The sole aim of every business is to attract new customers, which often requires money and time inputs to achieve such a goal. But while growing your customer base is important, keeping your current customers happy is even more important – which puts customer retention in the spotlight. Existing customers understand your business better with so much trust in what you do or offer. Hence giving you the leverage to use fewer resources to convince them than new customers.

Therefore, we will be exploring effective strategies to adopt in fostering customer retention for your business.

What Is Customer Retention?

Customer retention is the ability of a business to maintain a connection with customers after their initial purchase for a predetermined amount of time. A retained customer stays loyal to the business during this period, purchasing from it or interacting with it in other ways.

Benefits Of Customer Retention

1. Cost Effective

It is typically less expensive to keep current than to find new ones. Experts believe finding a new customer is five to six times more expensive than reactivating an existing one. This implies that spending money on customer retention strategies instead of new customer acquisition should yield a higher return on investment.

2. Enhanced Reputation

A business with a large number of returning customers is a testament to the excellent quality of products or services that it offers. This often influences the decision of new customers as they tend to trust the business – increasing their sales margin.

3. Strengthened Customer Loyalty

Retained customers are more loyal and can, in turn, evolve into your business brand ambassador. This is due to the prosperity of your customers to convince new customers about the excellent product or service delivery of your business. It can lead to more referrals to your business. Also, your retained customers will likely try new products and spend more than new customers.

Strategies For Customer Retention

1. Improve Product And Service Quality

Any business that wants to retain customers must provide them with top-notch goods or services. Why would you want your customers to come back if you don’t impress them the first time? This is according to the cliché “first impression lasts longer.” Therefore, you must identify the unique selling point (UPS) of your business and market it successfully.

2. Provide Excellent Customer Service

Customers should find it easy and hassle-free to contact your business if they have any questions or issues. Give your customers several ways to contact you – via phone, email, WhatsApp, or live chat. Companies can avoid having a high customer attrition rate by employing a well-trained customer service team that can turn a bad customer experience into a positive one by offering prompt and empathetic assistance. It should be noted that high emotional intelligence broadens the retention funnel of any business.

3. Provide A Seamless User Experience

Invest in an easy-to-use, convenient, consistent, engaging e-commerce platform. Customers may decide not to shop with you again if they have trouble finding what they’re looking for or if the checkout process is complicated or time-consuming. While this can increase the abandoned rate of your business, it may also reduce your customer retention power. So, make access to your products or services seamless, including simple payment options that your customers can use.

4. Adopt Competitive Pricing

It is always important for every business to have a feature that would give them a competitive advantage in getting more customers. As such, finding comparable goods or services elsewhere at a lower cost is one thing that can hamper your customer retention efforts. You must constantly do market research and ensure that your pricing strategy is competitive because customers want to feel like they are getting great value for their money.

5. Offer Discounts And Deals

An excellent way to encourage returning customers is to offer seasonal discounts, product bundles, and loyalty-based pricing. Feeling that they are getting a better deal makes customers more inclined to purchase. Offers with time limits or discounts restricted to members of your customer loyalty programme or those who have connected with your business on social media can instill a sense of urgency and value in the eyes of your customers.

6. Make Delivery, Returns, And Refund Transparent

Delivery, return, and refund policies are crucial in determining the customer experience, although they are frequently disregarded. Unexpected expenses, complicated return procedures, and delayed delivery times can all give customers a negative impression. Therefore, procedures for delivery, returns, and refunds should be transparent enough to foster repeat purchases and enhance customer trust.

7. Ask For Customer Feedback

It is imperative to request customer feedback to give you an insight into how to improve your product or service offering. This would also offer customers a sense of belonging that your business is customer-centric and not only out to make profits. Customer feedback can be achieved through a customer satisfaction survey or communication channels like phone calls, texts, emails, etc.


Customers play a vital role in establishing and sustaining any business, and it can be safe to infer that they are the unit of business. But as interesting as customer acquisition can be, customer retention is the chief driver of any business – which is why you must know customer retention strategies that could help your business growth.

How to Replace a Laptop Screen

How to Replace a Laptop Screen

Have you ever dropped your laptop and cracked the screen? Or maybe your screen has some dead pixels or displaying strange colours that make it hard to use. If you’re facing any of these problems, you might be wondering how to replace a laptop screen yourself. 

Replacing a laptop screen is not as difficult as it sounds. In fact, with some basic tools and a little DIY knowledge, you can repair it yourself and save cost. In this article, I will show you how to replace a laptop screen step by step, and what to look out for when dealing with a laptop screen. You will also learn the right tools to use when fixing a laptop, and how to avoid common mistakes that could damage your laptop.

How to check if your laptop screen needs replacement

Before you attempt to replace your laptop screen, you should make sure that the problem is not with the graphics card or the motherboard. A faulty graphics card or motherboard can also cause your screen to malfunction or display nothing at all. You should also inspect your laptop for any other signs of physical damage, especially if it has been dropped or hit recently.

To test if your graphics card is working, you can connect your laptop to an external monitor or TV using a VGA or HDMI cable. Most laptops have one or both of these ports. If the external display shows a normal picture, your graphics card is fine and your screen is the culprit. If the external display is blank, you may need to press a function key on your laptop to switch the output mode. If that still doesn’t work, your graphics card or motherboard is likely damaged and needs repair.

Common Issues with Laptop Screens

Some of the common laptop screen problems include:

  1. Dead Pixels

Dead pixels are tiny dots on the screen that do not change color or brightness. They are usually caused by manufacturing defects, physical damage, or aging of the screen. Dead pixels can be annoying and reduce the quality of the display. There are some software tools and methods that claim to fix dead pixels, but they are not always effective or reliable. The best way to avoid dead pixels is to buy a laptop with a high-quality screen and a warranty that covers pixel defects.

  1. Backlight Bleeding

Backlight bleeding is a phenomenon where the edges or corners of the screen appear brighter than the rest of the display. This is because the backlight that illuminates the screen is not evenly distributed or blocked by the bezel. Backlight bleeding can affect the contrast, color accuracy, and viewing angles of the screen. It is more noticeable in dark or black scenes. Backlight bleeding is a common issue with LCD screens, especially those that use edge-lit technology. There is no easy way to fix backlight bleeding, except by replacing the screen or adjusting the brightness sett

  1. Flickering Screen

Flickering is a rapid and visible change in the brightness or color of the screen. It can be caused by various factors, such as faulty hardware, incompatible drivers, loose connections, power supply issues, or refresh rate settings. Flickering can strain the eyes, cause headaches, and affect the performance of the laptop. Flickering can be resolved by updating the drivers, checking the cables, changing the power options, or adjusting the refresh rate and resolution of the screen.

  1. Screen Burn-In

Screen burn-in is a permanent discoloration or ghosting of the screen that occurs when a static image is displayed for a long time. It is caused by the degradation of the pixels or the phosphors that emit light. Screen burn-in can affect the clarity, color accuracy, and uniformity of the screen. It is more common with older technologies, such as CRT and plasma screens, but it can also occur with OLED and LCD screens. Screen burn-in can be prevented by using a screensaver, turning off the screen when not in use, or changing the wallpaper and icons frequently.

  1. Cracked Screen

Cracked screen is a physical damage to the screen that results from impact, pressure, or bending. It can cause the screen to shatter, crack, or break into pieces. Cracked screen can affect the functionality, safety, and aesthetics of the laptop. It can also expose the internal components and wires to dust, moisture, and electric shocks. Cracked screen can be repaired by replacing the screen or the entire laptop, depending on the extent of the damage and the cost of the repair.

  1. Ghosting

Ghosting is a visual artifact that occurs when the screen fails to update or refresh fast enough. It causes a trail or a blur behind the moving objects on the screen. It is caused by the slow response time or the low refresh rate of the screen. Ghosting can affect the quality, smoothness, and realism of the display. It is more noticeable in fast-paced games, videos, or animations. Ghosting can be reduced by using a screen with a higher response time and refresh rate, or by enabling features such as overdrive or motion blur reduction.

  1. Vertical or Horizontal Screen Lines

Vertical or horizontal lines are thin or thick lines that appear across the screen. They can be of different colors, such as white, black, red, green, or blue. They are caused by various factors, such as faulty hardware, loose connections, corrupted drivers, or software glitches. Vertical or horizontal lines can interfere with the visibility, readability, and functionality of the screen. They can be fixed by updating the drivers, reconnecting the cables, resetting the BIOS, or running a diagnostic test.

How to Prevent Screen Damage 

Your screen can get damaged by many things, like hitting, water, heat, or blue light. To keep your screen safe, follow these tips:

  1. Put a screen protector or a case on your screen to stop it from getting scratched, cracked, or broken.
  2. Do not put your screen close to hot things, like heaters, stoves, or the sun.
  3. Make sure your screen is clean and dry, and do not touch it with wet or dirty hands.
  4. Change the brightness, contrast, and color of your screen to make it comfortable for your eyes.
  5. Use a blue light filter or night mode to make your screen less blue, especially at night.
  6. Update your drivers and software often to make your screen work well and fit with your device.

Essential Tools for Laptop Screen Repair 

Laptop screens are delicate and prone to damage, so repairing or replacing them requires some care and precision. Before you start, make sure you have the following tools ready:

  1. A clean, flat surface: You’ll need a spacious and tidy area to work on your laptop, such as a table or a desk. Avoid working on carpets, beds, or couches, as they can generate static electricity and attract dust.
  2. A magnetic screwdriver: You’ll need a small-head Phillips or Torx screwdriver to remove the screws that hold the laptop casing and the screen assembly. A magnetic screwdriver will help you keep track of the screws and prevent them from falling or getting lost.
  3. A prying tool: You’ll need a thin and flat object, such as a plastic putty knife to gently pry apart the plastic bezel around the screen. Be careful not to damage or scratch the bezel or the screen.
  4. A needle or a pin: You’ll need this to remove the stickers or rubber pads that cover some of the screws on the bezel. Don’t lose or damage the stickers, because you’ll need to put them back later.
  5. A small container: You’ll need this to store the screws and the stickers you remove from the laptop. You can use a small bowl, a cup, or a plastic bag. 
  6. A replacement screen: If you’re replacing a broken or faulty screen, you’ll need to buy a new one that matches the specifications of your laptop model. You can find the model number on the back of your laptop or on the manufacturer’s website. Make sure the new screen has the same size, resolution, connector type, and backlight type as the old one.
  7. A microfiber cloth: You’ll need this to clean the screen and remove any dust or fingerprints before and after installation. Don’t use paper towels, tissues, or other abrasive materials, as they can scratch the screen or leave lint behind.
  8. A light source: You’ll need a bright and steady light source, such as a lamp or a flashlight, to see the small components and connections inside the laptop. Avoid working in dim or flickering light, as it can strain your eyes and cause mistakes.

These are the essential tools you’ll need for laptop screen repair. You may also need some optional tools, such as an anti-static wrist strap, a screen adhesive, or a pair of tweezers, depending on the type and condition of your laptop. Visit Hardware Village to buy all your DIY repair tools. 

How to Replace a Broken or Cracked Laptop Screen

If your laptop screen is broken or cracked, you can fix it by getting a new screen and replacing it. Here’s how you do it:

  1. Get the tools and parts you need

You will need a new screen that works with your laptop model. You can buy one online or at a computer shop. Check the size, quality, and plug of the screen before you buy it. You will also need a small screwdriver, a plastic tool or a thin knife, and a cloth or a towel to keep your laptop safe.

  1. Turn off your laptop and take out the battery and power cord

You need to turn off your laptop and unplug it. Then, take out the battery from the back of the laptop. This will stop any electricity or damage to the laptop parts. You can usually move or push a button to take out the battery, but look at your laptop manual if you are not sure. After taking out the battery, press and hold the power button for a few seconds to use up any power left.

  1. Take off the bezel and screws

The next step is to take off the bezel, which is the plastic part around the screen. You need to use the plastic tool or the knife to gently lift the bezel from the sides of the screen. Be careful not to break any clips or tabs that keep the bezel in place. You may also need to take off some stickers or rubber pads that hide the screws on the bezel. When you have taken off the bezel, you will see the screws that hold the screen to the hinges and the metal part. Use the screwdriver to take off these screws and put them somewhere safe.

  1. Unplug the cable and take off the screen

The last step is to unplug the cable that connects the screen to the laptop. You will see a plug at the back of the screen, usually covered by some tape or plastic. Gently take off the tape or plastic and pull the plug out. Do not pull on the cable itself, as it may break or damage the pins. When you have unplugged the cable, you can lift the screen out of the part and put it away.

  1. Put in the new screen and put the laptop back together

To put in the new screen, you need to do the steps above in reverse. First, line up the new screen with the part and plug the cable to the laptop. Make sure the plug is tight and cover it with some tape or plastic. Then, put the screen in the part and screw it to the hinges and the metal part. Next, put the bezel back on the screen and put back any stickers or rubber pads that hide the screws. Finally, put in the battery and plug in the power cord. Turn on your laptop and enjoy your new screen.


In this guide, we explained how to change a laptop screens. Ensure you assess your laptop first to determine the cause of the problem before fixing it. Remember that not all cases may require a new screen, a simple repair may be enough. If replacing the laptop screen seem too difficult for you, we advise you contact a repair expert or visit a repair store to change your screen. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions or require further assistance. 

How to Upgrade your PC’s RAM

How to Upgrade your PC’s RAM

If your PC feels slower than it should, you might be in need of more RAM. Whether it’s an old laptop that feels sluggish or a newer system that starts to bog down when too many tabs are open, adding more RAM could solve the problem.  A RAM upgrade is one good way to make your PC more powerful, particularly when you don’t have enough of it. 

If you find your computer constantly accessing the hard drive for “virtual” memory or struggling when you have multiple programs open, it may be time to upgrade your RAM. The good news is that upgrading memory on a desktop PC is a straightforward process that usually only requires a screwdriver, the new RAM modules, and just a few minutes of your time. In this article, we’ll guide you through the process of installing a RAM upgrade to enhance your PC’s performance.

Why upgrade your RAM? 

Upgrading your computer’s RAM can make it run faster. RAM is like your computer’s short-term memory. It stores information that the computer needs right away. More RAM means your computer can access more information quickly instead of searching slower parts like the hard drive. 

With more RAM, programs can run smoother. Your computer will start up faster. You can have more browser tabs open without slowing down. Games will run at higher speeds. And you can multitask between different apps easily. Overall, more RAM makes your computer feel snappier and more responsive. It’s an easy way to improve performance.

Why should you upgrade your RAM? 

Upgrading RAM boosts your computer’s ability to handle tasks by providing vital resources to quickly move data between the hard disk and the CPU for processing. Even the fastest solid-state drives (SSD) can’t match the speed of RAM in delivering information to your computer. Without enough RAM, your computer can slow down significantly or may not even work. Upgrading RAM gives it more “brainpower” to shuffle things quickly between storage and the CPU.

  • People usually add more RAM to:
  • Speed up their computers.
  • Have faster web browsing.
  • Improve gaming performance.
  • Avoid crashes during photo or video editing.
  • Revitalize an old PC.

All these reasons aim to make your PC faster and more efficient, which is the main purpose of upgrading RAM.

Factors to Consider when Upgrading RAM

When upgrading the RAM in your computer, there are a few things to think about:

  1. How much RAM do you currently have installed? Check your computer’s settings to find out.
  2. How much additional RAM does your computer need? More RAM helps run bigger programs and more programs at once.
  3. What is the maximum amount of RAM your computer motherboard can handle? There is usually a limit.
  4. Should you get DDR3 or DDR4 RAM chips? Newer computers take the newer DDR4 chips.

Knowing the answers to these questions will help you pick the right type and amount of new RAM when you upgrade. This will ensure it works properly in your computer.

How much RAM can your computer handle? 

Each computer has a limit on how much RAM it can use. Before adding more memory to your PC, make sure it can handle the extra capacity. Here’s how to find out:

  1. Press and hold the Windows key + R to open the Run window.
  2. Type “msinfo32” into the box and press OK to see a summary of your System Information.
  3. Look for your motherboard details under BaseBoard Manufacturer, BaseBoard Product, and BaseBoard Version.
  4. Use this information to search online for your motherboard’s specifications and find its maximum RAM capacity and configuration.
  5. Once you know your system’s limits, you can decide how to optimize the available RAM slots on your motherboard based on your needs and budget.

How to upgrade RAM on a Desktop Computer 

If you’ve gotten the appropriate amount of RAM for your desktop computer, then you’re ready to perform the RAM upgrade. Here’s how to upgrade the RAM: 

  1. First, shut down your computer and let it cool down completely.
  2. Disconnect all cords, cables, and accessories.
  3. Open up your computer’s casing, following the instructions in your owner’s manual. You’ll probably need to unscrew it, so keep track of which screws go where since they may vary in type and size.
  4. Touch a metal surface inside your computer to discharge any static electricity from your body, which helps protect the internal components.
  5. Locate your RAM with the help of your owner’s manual.
  6. Remove your current RAM modules gently, using any clips to release them if needed.
  7. Carefully insert your new RAM modules into the slots, making sure the gold connectors align correctly and pushing the module into place.
  8. Close your computer case.
  9. Reconnect all cables and accessories.

How to Upgrade RAM on a Laptop

You can add more RAM to your laptop as long as it supports more memory. First, check if your laptop’s RAM is removable or soldered in place. If removable, here’s how to upgrade:   

  1. Turn off and unplug your laptop. Let it cool down.
  2. Carefully open the bottom case. If you need to unscrew it, remember which screw goes where.  
  3. Touch the bare metal inside to discharge static electricity. This protects the parts.
  4. Gently push the clips on the sides of the RAM module to release it. Then pull it out.
  5. Pick up the new RAM module by the edges. Don’t touch the gold pins.
  6. Line up the notch on the RAM with the slot. Push straight down until it clicks.
  7. Press down on the RAM so it lies flat. The clips will lock it in.  
  8. Put the case back on, turn over laptop, and plug everything back in.

That’s it! You’ve successfully upgraded your laptop’s RAM! 

How to Check your RAM Upgrade

After physically installing new RAM modules, it’s important to verify that your computer recognizes the full capacity. Follow these procedures to check your RAM upgrade:

  1. Turn on your computer and allow it to fully boot into the operating system. 
  2. Open the Task Manager by right-clicking the taskbar and selecting it. Alternatively, you can press Ctrl+Shift+Esc on your keyboard.
  3. Click on the Performance tab and look at the memory section. It should display the total installed RAM that matches what you upgraded to. For example, if you installed 2x 8GB DDR4 sticks, it would display 16GB as the total.
  4. You can also right click on This PC and select Properties to see full system information including RAM capacity. Compare this to your upgraded amount. 
  5. Consider running a memory test like Windows Memory Diagnostic tool to check for errors. Let the test complete one full pass at least.
  6. Stress test your RAM upgrade by using demanding applications, games, content creation software and observe system stability. Any application crashes or shutdowns could indicate issues.

Following physical installation, verifying accurate capacity recognition in software and stability testing is crucial to ensure your RAM upgrade was successful. Monitoring system performance for a few days under your normal workload is recommended as well.


Upgrading your PC’s RAM is an easy and affordable way to give your computer a performance boost. With more RAM, your system can handle more applications and data without slowing down. Carefully consider your computer’s specifications and needs before purchasing new modules. When you’re ready, simply follow the instructions in this article to upgrade the RAM. 

After completing the physical RAM installation, remember to verify that your operating system detects the full capacity. Additionally, spend some time testing system stability under heavy workloads. We hope this guide gave has given you the key information you need to successfully upgrade your computer’s memory. If you have any other questions or run into any issues during installation, please leave a comment below. We’re happy to help troubleshoot or provide more PC upgrade advice.

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